Known far more for his plays such as the Cherry Orchard and Three Sisters, Chekhov is regarded as the father of the short story as well as the first modern fiction writer. His famous Chekhov’s gun comment is still regarded as some of the best advice for storyline progression:
“Remove everything that has no relevance to the story. If you say in the first chapter that there is a rifle hanging on the wall, in the second or third chapter it absolutely must go off. … One must never place a loaded rifle on the stage if it isn’t going to go off.”
His short stories are a wonderful example of how he rejected conventional forms to examine the lives of ordinary people in prosaic situations.
His impressionistic depictions of Russian life and the human condition resound with emotional honesty, focusing on character rather than plot and revealing subtle but important truths. Thomas Mann held Chekhov in highest esteem, declaring, “His short stories rank with all that is greatest and best of European literature.”
This compilation of seven tales attests to the timeless appeal of the Russian author’s short fiction.
Selections include “Misery,” an account of a sleigh-driver’s attempts to communicate his overwhelming grief; “A Father,” a meditation on the conflict between rejecting a monstrous parent and giving him his respectful due; “A Problem,” which proposes that criminals cannot reform unless they pay for their misdeeds; and “In Exile,” an examination of whether it is better to dream of happiness or to accept a living hell.
Other tales include “Ward No. 6,” relating a conflict between an asylum inmate and the institution’s director; “My Life: The Story of a Provincial,” in which a rebellious young bourgeois joins the working classes; and “Peasants,” an exposé of the dehumanizing effects of poverty.
If you haven’t read Chekhov since school then I highly recommend picking up this book and diving in. I enjoyed it tremendously.